REFLECTIONS ON A RARE BASKING SHARK ENCOUNTER
Dr. Simon Berrow narrates his experience with basking sharks in the fall off West Clare. The species is often seen feeding in this area in the spring - but the seasonal timing of this experience was not the only unusual component...
© Chelsea Gray
SPECIES | References
Berrow, S.D. 1994. Incidental capture of elasmobranchs in bottom set gill net fishery off the south coast of Ireland. Journal of Marine Biological Association United Kingdom 74, 837-847.
Berrow, S.D. 2008, article summarising Irish basking shark research and history http://www.iwdg.ie/article.asp?id=2053
Berrow, S. D. & Heardman, C. 1994. The Basking Shark Cetorhinus maximus (Gunnerus) in Irish waters: patterns of distribution and abundance. Biology & Environment Proceeding of the Royal Irish Academy. 94B(2). pp 101-107.
Bloomfield, Angus, Jean-Luc Solandt, 2006. Basking Shark Watch 20-year report (1987 2006). The Marine Conservation Society.
CSAS (Canadian Science Advisory Secretariat) 2008. Status of Basking Sharks in Atlantic Canada, Science Advisory Report 2008/036.
Compagno, L.J.V. 1984. FAO species catalogue. Vol. 4. Sharks of the world. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of shark species known to date. FAO Fish. Synop. No. 125, vol. 4.
Compagno, L. J. V. 1990. Shark exploitation and conservation. Elasmobranchs as living resources: advances in the biology, ecology, systematics, and the status of the fisheries (HL Pratt, Jr., SH Gruber, and T. Taniuchi, eds.). pp. 391-414.
Cotton, Peter A. David W. Sims, Sam Fanshawe and Mark Chadwick, 2005. The effects of climate variability on zooplankton and basking shark (Cetorhinus maximus) relative abundance off Southwest Britain. Fisheries Oceanography 14:2, 151 155.
Daltaí na Gaeilge, 2008, website for Gaelic language translations
Derry Journal, 2008 http://www.derryjournal.com/inishowen/Sharks-basking-off-Inishowen-coast.4347513.jp
Diamond, J. M. (1985). Ichthyology: Filter-feeding on a grand scale. Nature, 316(6030). p. 679.
Doherty, P. D., Baxter, J. M., Gell, F. R., Godley, B. J., Graham, R. T., Hall, G., ... & Speedie, C. 2017. Long-term satellite tracking reveals variable seasonal migration strategies of basking sharks in the north-east Atlantic. Scientific Reports. p. 7.
Dulvy, Nicholas K., Julia k. Baum, Shelley Clarke, Leonard J.V. Compagno, Enric Corte, Andre Domingo, Sonja Fordham, Sarah Fowler, Malcolm P. Francis, Claudine Gibson, Jimmy Martinez, John A. Musick, Alen Soldo, John D. Stevens and Sarah Valenti, 2008. You can swim but you can't hide the global status and conservation of oceanic pelagic sharks and rays. Aquatic Conservation: marine and freshwater ecosystems 10.1002/aqc.975 Wiley Inter-science.
Evans P.G.H., 1992. Status Review of Cetaceans in British and Irish Waters. 98p. Oxford: The U.K. Mammal Society.
Fairfax, D. 1998. The Basking Shark in Scotland. Natural history, Fishery and Conservation. East Linton, Scotland: Tuckwell Press.
Fish Base 2008 http://www.aquamaps.org/imagethumb/file_destination/exp_7_pic_Fis-22747.jpg
Fossi, M. C., Coppola, D., Baini, M., Giannetti, M., Guerranti, C., Marsili, L., ... & Clò, S. 2014. Large filter feeding marine organisms as indicators of microplastic in the pelagic environment: The case studies of the Mediterranean basking shark (Cetorhinus maximus) and fin whale (Balaenoptera physalus). Marine Environmental Research, 100. pp. 17-24.
Gore, Mauvis A., David Rowat, Jackie Hall, Fiona R. Gell and Rupert F. Ormond, 2008. Transatlantic migration and deep mid ocean diving by basking shark. Biology letters Marine Biology 0147.
Hoelzel, A. R., Shivji, M. S., Magnussen, J., & Francis, M. P. 2006. Low worldwide genetic diversity in the basking shark (Cetorhinus maximus). Biology Letters, 2(4). pp. 639-642.
ICES WGEF Report 2008. Basking Shark in the Northeast Atlantic (ICES areas I-XIV). Ch 7. 98 112
ICES, 2005. Report of the Working Group on Elasmobranch Fishes ICES, CM 2005/ACFM:03
Irish Marine Institute Foras na Mara, 2008 North East Atlantic Basking Shark. Fisheries Science Services 94-95
IWDG, 2008. Article on Basking shark Tagging in Co. Donegal.
Kelly, C., Glegg, G. A., & Speedie, C. D. 2004. Management of marine wildlife disturbance. Ocean & Coastal Management, 47(1-2). pp. 1-19.
Kunzlik P.A. 1988. The Basking Shark, Scottish Fisheries Information Pamphlet Number 14, Dept. of Agriculture and Fisheries Scotland.
Lack M. and G. Sant, 2008. Illegal, unreported and unregulated shark catch: a review of current knowledge and action. Dept. of Environment, Water, Heritage and the Arts and TRAFFIC, Canberra.
Magnusson J.E., E.K. Pikitch, S.C.Clarke, C.Nicholson, A.R.Hoeizel & M.S. Shivji, 2007. Genetic tracking of basking shark products in international trade. The zoological Society of London, Animal Conservation 10: 199-207
Martin R.A.& Harvey- Clark ,2008, Draft Background Document for Cetorhinus maximus (Basking Shark) Marine Protected Areas Species and Habitats (MASH) working Group. OSPAR Convention for the Portection of the Marine Environment. MASH 08/4/1 Add.15-E
McGonigle, Martin, 2008. Oil and Water-18th Century Whale and Basing Shark Fisheries of Donegal Bay, Ireland. The International Journal of Nautical Archaeology 37.2:302-312.
McNally, K. 1976. The Sunfish Hunt, Blackstaff Press Limited, Belfast
New Zealand's National Aquatic Biodiversity Information System NABIS, 2008. Annual
distribution of basking shark. www.nabis.govt.nz/nabis_prd/index.jsp
Nicholson, D., Harris, E. & Pollard, S. 2000. The Location and Usage of Sites in Scotland by the Basking Shark, Cetorhinus maximus. Scottish Natural Heritage Commissioned Report F99AA402.
Noble L.R., C.S. Jones, J.Sarginson, J.D. Metcalfe, D.W. Sims, M.G.Pawson, 2006. Conservation Genetics of basking sharks. Final report for DEFRA. AC22 Inf. 9.
OCEANA, 2007. Treated as Trash: An assessment of shark by-catch and discards in EU fisheries. OCEANA.
Pauly, D. 2002. Growth and mortality of basking shark Cetorhinus maximus and their implications for whale shark Rhincodon typus. P.199-208 In Elasmobranch biodiversity: conservation management. Proceedings of and International Seminar and workshop held in Sabah, Malaysia. ICUN Gland , 258p.
Sandoval-Castillo,J., J.Ramirez- Gonzalez and C. Villavicencio- Garayzar, 2005. Irst record of basking shark ( cetorhinus maximus) in Mexico? JMBA2 Biodiversity Records, Published online.
Saunders G., 2004, Natural heritage trends, the marine environment, Basking Shark. Scottish Natural Heritage. http://www.snh.org.uk/trends/trends_notes/pdf/Marine%20species/Basking%20shark.pdf
Shark Trust, 2008. Basking Shark Project, Biology Factsheet.
Sims, D.W. 2000. Can threshold foraging responses of basking sharks be used to estimate their metabolic rate? Marine ecology progress series Vol 200:289-296.
Sims D.W., E.J. Southall, J.D. Metcalfe, M.G. Pawson, 2005. Basking Shark Population Assessment, Final report for Global Wildlife Division of DEFRA.
Sims, D.W., Emily J. Southall, Victoria A. Quayle and Adrian M. Fox, 2000. Annual social behaviour of basking sharks associated with coastal front areas. Procedures of the Royal Society London. B 2000 267 1897-1904.
Sims, D.W., E.J. Southall, D.A.Merrett, J. Sanders, 2003. Effects of zooplankton density and diel period on surface swimming duration of basking sharks. Journal of Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. 83,643-646
Sims, D. W. & Reid, P. C. 2002. Congruent trends in long-term zooplankton decline in the north-east Atlantic and Basking Shark (Cetorhinus maximus) fishery catches off west Ireland. Fisheries Oceanography. 11(1). pp 59-63
Sims, D. W., Southall, E. J., Richardson, A. J., Reid, P. C. & Metcalfe, J.D. 2003. Seasonal movements and behaviour of Basking Sharks from archival tagging: no evidence of winter hibernation. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 248. pp 187-196
Sims, D.W. & Victoria A.Quayle, 1998. Selective foraging behaviour of basking sharks on zooplankton in a small scale front. Letters to Nature Vol 393 pg 460 - 464.
Skomal, G. B., Zeeman, S. I., Chisholm, J. H., Summers, E. L., Walsh, H. J., McMahon, K. W., & Thorrold, S. R. 2009. Transequatorial migrations by basking sharks in the western Atlantic Ocean. Current biology, 19(12). pp. 1019-1022.
Southhall, E. J., Sims, D. W., Metcalfe, J. D., Doyle, J. I., Fanshawe, S., Lacey, C., Shrimpton, J., Solandt, J. L. & Speedie, C. D. 2005. Spatial distribution patterns of Basking Sharks on the European shelf: preliminary comparison of satellite-tag geolocation, survey and public sightings data. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. 85(5). pp 1083-1088
Speedie, C. D. 2003. The value of public sightings recording schemes in relation to the Basking Shark in the United Kingdom. Cybium. 27(4). pp 255-259.
Squire, James L. 1990. Distribution and apparent abundance of the basking shark, Cetorhinus maximus, off the Central and Southern California Coast, 1962 - 85. Marine fisheries Review 52(2) 8-11
UK and Australia Governments. 2000. Proposal to include the basking shark (Cetorhinus maximus) on Appendix II of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES). Submission to the Convention on CITES parties, Proposal I/10 and II/17.
UK Government on behalf of the Member states of the European Community, 2002. CITES consideration of proposals for amendment of APPENDICES I and II. Proposal 12:36.
Ulster Wildlife Trust 2006. The Ulster Wildlife Trust Basking Shark Project 2004, Report and Summary 2002- 2004. Environment and Heritage Service Research and Development Series. No. 06/16
Wildlife Trusts, 2008. Basking shark Hotspots in the UK: results from The Wildlife Trusts basking shark survey. The Wildlife Trusts www.wildlifetrusts.org