International consortium of scientists supports the protection of the endangered basking shark in Ireland
On this World Oceans Day, an international consortium of leading scientists and conservation organisations are calling on the Irish Government to provide legal protection for the basking shark in Irish waters. In an open letter these scientists, who have all worked to protect this iconic species, have outlined why Ireland needs to legally protect this endangered shark.
Dr Emmett Johnston, founder member of the Irish Basking Shark Group said, “We are privileged to have such a wonderful animal frequenting our waters, which are some of the most important globally for this endangered species. The scientific community have given their full support to list the basking shark under Section 23 of the Wildlife Act, now is the right time to protect them and their habitats.”
You can support this campaign by signing the petition found at the following link; https://my.uplift.ie/petitions/provide-legal-protection-for-basking-sharks-in-ireland.
Open letter follows,
We write to register our concern about the status of the basking shark (Cetorhinus maximus) in Irish waters and ask respectfully that Ireland fulfills its international obligations as a party to the Convention on Migratory Species (CMS) and enact legal protection for the basking shark under the Wildlife Act.
Basking sharks are one of most iconic and mysterious marine species that visit Irish waters. This huge shark can grow up to 12 metres in length and it is habitually encountered ‘basking lazily’ on the surface of the sea during hot spring and summer days, where it feeds harmlessly on zooplankton.
Irish coastal waters are one of the few places globally that basking sharks regularly and predictably occur on the surface close to shore. Indeed, this surface swimming behaviour is the root of its deep cultural connections with western Irish coastal and island communities. Folklore, archaeological evidence and ancient written records suggest that An Liabhán gréine, or the Great Fish of the Sun, was encountered and fished long before the first detailed written accounts of their harpooning by the Irish whaling industry in the early 18th century. The best recorded modern fishery for the basking shark internationally was on Achill, Co. Mayo, Ireland. Here, thousands of sharks were caught and processed for their liver oil until the 1970’s. It may be a surprise for some to hear that it was legal to fish for the basking shark in Irish waters until 2001 and not prohibited in all EU waters until 2006. Due to these unsustainable practices the shark is now classified by the IUCN as endangered in the Northeast Atlantic and it was added to Appendix II of the Convention on Trade In Endangered Species (CITES) in 2003 and the Convention on Migratory Species (CMS) Appendix I & II in 2005.
This letter is written on the basis of emerging scientific evidence that indicates Irish territorial waters host a large proportion of the global population and are among some of the most important waters internationally for the species. Likewise, multiple tracking studies indicate that these wide-ranging sharks move rapidly and freely between Irish waters and those of our neighbours’ territorial seas. Ireland is one of the few remaining nations in the Northeast Atlantic that have not provided domestic legal protection for the basking shark despite being a signatory to several international treaties which list the species as endangered and threatened. While there is a moratorium on deliberately fishing for or landing the basking shark, significant challenges remain. Current threats to the survival of these magnificent animals include harassment and disturbance, ship collisions, and entanglement.
The Irish people are responding to the emerging biodiversity crisis with awareness and action. In a recent opinion poll carried out by the Marine Institute, 85% of respondents agreed the ocean is being damaged by human activities. Equally, our polling research suggests that the wider public support legal protection for basking sharks as well as strong action to reduce threats to endangered marine species. As an island people, we recognise the need to work collaboratively with our maritime neighbours to better protect our shared environment, especially the shared marine ecosystems that surround us and upon which our nation’s economic and cultural success is based.
Here, we call for Ireland to fulfill its international duty and enact legal protection for the basking shark under Section 23 of the Wildlife Act 1973, as amended. Furthermore, we ask that Ireland as a modern and responsible society champion the plight of endangered migratory marine species and provide a legal code of conduct to manage human interaction with these magnificent creatures when they are in our waters and on our watch.
Dr. Simon Berrow Lecturer, Galway-Mayo Institute of Technology and Founder Member of the Irish Basking Shark Group
Dr. Phillip Doherty Postdoctoral Research Associate, University of Exeter
Kevin Flannery Irish Elasmobranch Group
Pádraic Fogarty Campaigns Officer, Irish Wildlife Trust
Sarah Fowler Founding member European Elasmobranch Group. Scientific advisor to Save Our Seas Foundation
Chelsea Grey PhD Candidate Science Communicator, Irish Basking Shark Group
Dr. Donal Griffin Campaign Manager, Irish Basking Shark Group
Jackie and Graham Hall Founders, Manx Basking Shark Watch
Dr. Lauren Hartny-Mills Science and Conservation Manager, Hebridean Whale and Dolphin Trust
Ali Hood Director of Conservation, Shark Trust UK
Dr. Jonathan Houghton Senior Lecturer in Marine Biology, Queens University Belfast
Dr. Emmett Johnston Founder, Irish Basking Shark Group
Dr. Peter Klimley Author, The Biology of Sharks and Rays. Retired Professor, Department of Wildlife, Fish, and Conservation University of California, Davis, USA
Dr. Paul Mensink, Assistant Professor, Centre for Environment and Sustainability, Western University, Canada
Dr. Paul Mayo Spatial Research, Irish Basking Shark Group
Heidi McIlvenny Living Seas Manager, Ulster Wildlife Trust
Alexandra McInturf PhD Candidate Co-ordinator, Irish Basking Shark Group
Dr. Nicholas L. Payne Assistant Professor, Trinity College Dublin
Dr. Natasha Phillips Scientific Advisor, Irish Basking Shark Group
Professor David Sims Senior Research Fellow, Marine Biological Association of the UK
Padraig Whooley Sightings Officer, Irish Whale and Dolphin Group
Dr. Heather Vance Biologging and Telemetry Advisor, Irish Basking Shark Group
Dr. Matthew Witt Associate professor in Natural Environment, University of Exeter
Alexis Wargniez President, L'Association Pour l'Etude et la Conservation des Sélaciens (APECS)